The Fear-Avoidance Model moves forward

Petra Karsdorp, Stéphanie Volders, Ann Meulders, Judy Veldhuijzen

New research from the '7th World Congress on Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies’ Cognitive and behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most widely researched and used approach in psychology. A recent review of 108 meta-analyses showed that, when compared to other treatments (for psychological problems), CBT generally proves to be equally or more … [Read more...]

The faulty alarm system problem: A plausible explanation

rat

Qu. What do a rat, a fur coat, and a Santa mask have in common? Ans. Ethically dodgy science! ‘Little Albert’ was the victim of early 20th century psychology experimentation. At nine months of age he was given a white rat, and then frightened by a loud noise whenever he reached for it. Naturally, he came to fear white rats. Surprisingly, he also … [Read more...]

Learning and Chronic pain part III

Conditioned response

As we have discussed in part 1 and 2 of this series of posts, there is some evidence that classical conditioned responses play a role in chronic pain (Flor and Birbaumer 1994; Schneider, Palomba et al. 2004; Klinger, Matter et al. 2010). We have discussed the work of Flor and others showing that injury response systems (such as motor and autonomic) … [Read more...]

Learning and chronic pain Part 2

Muscular and stress responses in the conditioning process

In the previous blog Learning and chronic pain Part 1 we discussed a model for a way in which a neutral stimulus (conditioned stimulus or CS) when repeatedly paired with a biologically significant stimulus (the unconditioned stimulus or US) might come to elicit a conditioned response (or CR) that is similar to the response to the biologically … [Read more...]

Learning and chronic pain Part 1

Classic conditioning applied to pain cartoon

The way we perceive and respond to various circumstances or ‘stimuli’ changes over time. This is called (drum roll) learning. Implicit learning is the term we give to learning that occurs outside of consciousness or awareness. Examples of implicit learning include non-associative learning (habituation and sensitisation) and associative learning … [Read more...]