Mechanisms and Management of Pain for the Physical Therapist – Book Review

I arrived at the University of Iowa to begin the DPT program with the expectation and excitement of learning how to be a human body mechanic. I had an undergraduate education in engineering, architecture, and education, with a minors in physics and math, so I was perfectly suited for the Newtonian approach to physical therapy. I was ready to jump … [Read more...]

We need YOUR friends and family….

We are interested in how the information we receive about our back affects our decision to be active or not. We are doing an experiment on it. We need 400 people to take part but we need them to NOT be readers of Body in Mind!! So, could you please ask your friends, family, neighbours, relations, colleagues to help us out?  We would be very … [Read more...]

Making a definition of pain work for us

With our new proposal, we are not, emphatically NOT, suggesting that we have arrived at the ideal definition of pain. A definition needs to work for clinical and experimental pain, for humans and for other animals, for excruciating and for trivial pain. It needs to distinguish pain from all other sources of distress, from specific anxieties to … [Read more...]

Is alcohol effective as a painkiller?

How many people have sustained an injury (accidental or other) after a few too many drinks, to find that the pain only really kicks in after they have sobered up? Pain experienced the morning after our drunken exploits may lend weight to the established belief that alcohol provides an effective form of pain relief. Historically, alcohol was a … [Read more...]

Macrophages are key players in pain and analgesia

Macrophages are found in all tissues and are critical to injury and repair. Like neurons, macrophages are plastic and acquire different phenotypes based on the external environment. There are two types of macrophages, M1 which secrete inflammatory cytokines, and M2 which secrete anti-inflammatory cytokines. Inflammatory cytokines activate … [Read more...]

Oldies but Goodies – Classification based cognitive functional therapy for back pain

The fifth and last of our 'Oldies but Goodies' series is by Peter O'Sullivan: This story of a 28 year old man with disabling low back pain illustrates the CB-CFT intervention trialled in the RCT in Bergen, Norway. ‘Eight years ago I had a lifting injury at work. It was terrible pain, I was worried so I went to the doctor who ordered a scan. The … [Read more...]

Oldies but Goodies – Everything you wanted to know about CENTRAL SENSITISATION

Over this holiday season we are posting the most read articles from the last five years.  The third is a BiM review of a J Pain paper by Alban Latremoliere and Clifford J. Woolf (AKA L&W) Everything you wanted to know about CENTRAL SENSITISATION By Kerwin Talbot & Lorimer Moseley Another of our series on the Journal of Pain’s most … [Read more...]

Quantitative Sensory Testing in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Introduction Our recent review, published in “Pain Medicine”, highlighted the measurement properties of quantitative sensory testing (QST) and its clinical utility. QST results have been shown to be related to pain or neural sensitivity. QST has been put forward as a potentially useful tool for monitoring disease prognosis and evaluating … [Read more...]

What pain-related factors are associated with lost work days in nurses?

Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability [5] including lost work days (LWDs) and early retirement [3; 4]. Among the work-related disability domains, LWDs are particularly important because they increase the economic burden of pain for the individual, family and society.  A number of factors such as overall work demands, working on a … [Read more...]

Could Virtual Reality Dodgeball motivate fear-avoidant CLBP patients to move? Implications for future treatment.

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions health care professionals encounter. Unfortunately, despite ever increasing costs in regards to clinical management, the results remain underwhelming[1,2] giving CLBP an enigmatic nature. As a masters student I am interested in understanding how the neuromodulatory … [Read more...]