Restoring movement representation with virtual reality alleviates phantom limb pain

Working hypothesis about phantom limb pain and movement representation Patients with phantom limb pain (PLP) may report altered movement representations of their phantom limb, for example, ‘my phantom limb is frozen in one or more peculiar positions’. Dr. Sumitani previously reported that visual feedback using a mirror restored the voluntary … [Read more...]

Is “how much?” the right question to ask about exercise for pain?

  Exercise is widely accepted to be beneficial for health and is increasingly prescribed as treatment for many diseases and other chronic health conditions. Many studies in both humans and rodents have investigated the effectiveness of exercise as a treatment for chronic pain. Although the efficacy of exercise in rodent models of persistent … [Read more...]

All Fatigue is Not Created Equal: Why it Matters, and What it Means for Pain Management

Have you ever felt so tired that you wished you could hibernate? Or so out of energy that you wanted to plug into a wall outlet and recharge?  Even if you haven’t, you’ve probably experienced the fatigue of a long day at work, a workout, or a poor night of sleep. This feeling is not only physical; emotional and mental fatigue can lead to … [Read more...]

Paracetamol for acute low back pain – a cheap fix or a waste of health resources?

Many of us have the humble paracetamol pill in the cupboard at home, and reach for it when we experience pain. But recent research shows that paracetamol does not provide more pain relief than a placebo pill in low back pain and osteoarthritis [1]. A more detailed way of explaining this is that paracetamol does not provide extra pain relief for … [Read more...]

Changing pain thresholds with classical conditioning

Our previous post about a classical conditioning model for pain generated some lively discussion.  Some argued vehemently that pain cannot be a classically conditioned response, and others argued vehemently that of course it can and we have known this for decades.  We haven’t yet pinned our colours to any particular mast – we’d like to see the … [Read more...]

Chronic pain can be lessened by an ‘out of body’ illusion

If you’ve ever heard of stories in which people report having an ‘out of body experience’ (OBE) during a traumatic incident like a car crash you might be able to guess why there could be a link between OBEs and chronic pain. Some scientists have suggested that the very vivid hallucination that is an OBE can sometimes serve an adaptive function by … [Read more...]

Persistent low back pain: Can screening predict risk?

Almost everyone will experience low back pain (LBP).  Most of us also know someone who has persistent LBP – pain that comes and goes, or never goes; that limits work, or life or enjoyment.  When our own back hurts we worry (a little or a lot) that we might end up like them. The majority of adults who suffer a new episode of LBP recover within a … [Read more...]

We need YOUR friends and family….

We are interested in how the information we receive about our back affects our decision to be active or not. We are doing an experiment on it. We need 400 people to take part but we need them to NOT be readers of Body in Mind!! So, could you please ask your friends, family, neighbours, relations, colleagues to help us out?  We would be very … [Read more...]

Can Quantitative Sensory Testing responses predict the course of low back pain?

We know low back pain (LBP) is a condition with a variable prognosis. A good proportion of people recover quite quickly from an episode of LBP, but some will have fluctuating symptoms or develop chronic LBP [2]. Currently, there is no consensus as to which factors are more important to predict this trajectory [3]. Psychosocial (e.g. distress) and … [Read more...]

Spreading Pain Education in Brazil

Development of the first internet-delivery pain education intervention in Brazil It is well established that pain, especially chronic pain, is a public health problem worldwide. Chronification of pain may be due to mismanagement of acute pain that can result in modifications in the peripheral and central nervous systems. Likewise, insufficient … [Read more...]