Did you expect anything different?

Asking your patient what they expect is the thing to do these days, the idea being that what they expect is likely to influence how they will end up. The past years have seen an explosion of research into patient expectations, most of this research either looks at the link between patients’ expectations and their outcome, or has been performed in … [Read more...]

Weather Does Not Affect Back Pain

Everyone has a story about their back pain and one story you often hear is that the weather makes the person’s back pain worse. Topical now in Sydney as it is quite cold. We had an open mind on the issue because we had heard the story so many times but we also know that as a research question it was wide open as no-one had rigorously evaluated this … [Read more...]

A Sore Spot: Central or peripheral generation of chronic neuropathic pain?

Raja lab

A key question, of significant therapeutic consequence, regarding the neural mechanisms of chronic neuropathic pain is whether it is maintained by input from the periphery or by independent, central (spinal or supraspinal) generators.  In a recent issue of PAIN, two research groups reported their observations that suggest that input from primary … [Read more...]

Dry needling for myofascial pain. Does the evidence make the grade?

Last year, JOSPT published a systematic review and meta-analysis of dry needling for upper quarter myofascial pain. We thought it was a really well conducted systematic review, but we were somewhat surprised by the abstract, the interpretation of results and the accompanying advice to patients. So we wrote a letter to the journal. They did not … [Read more...]

Kinesio Taping looks so cool, but is it effective?

Leo Costa

I imagine that you have seen regular people and athletes with colourful tape stuck to their skin. It is called Kinesio Tape. This therapeutic tape was developed by a Japanese chiropractor named Kenso Kaze. As I am a curious researcher and clinician, the colourful tape attracted my attention, and I found out that Kinesio Tape is supposed to achieve … [Read more...]

The Gruffalo’s Trial and some blatant advertising

The following blog is an adapted editorial that I published earlier this year in the journal – Pain and Rehabilitation: The Journal of the Physiotherapy Pain Association (PPA). The journal has been on the go for over 20 years and was started by the late Louis Gifford who was a founder member of the PPA. I am currently the Editor-in-chief of this … [Read more...]

Changing beliefs in the face of adversity: preoperative pain education tested

Here at BiM it’s no secret that we are very interested in pain education – so called Explaining Pain or EP. Using examples from current thinking in pain science, EP posits that the more one knows about their pain, and the less threatening one perceives their circumstances to be, the better the (actual) pain should be [1-3].  There is now strong … [Read more...]

Working where it really matters: Botulinum toxin A targets pain hypersensitivity in the CNS

Ivica Matak

Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A), an enzyme produced by Clostridium botulinum, owes its potency to its exquisite ability to invade neurons and to block the vesicular release of neurotransmitters. By cleaving a peptide bond on a synaptic protein called synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25), BoNT/A prevents the synaptic vesicles from fusing … [Read more...]

Is one question enough to screen for depression and anxiety

Silje Reme

Psychological factors, such as depression and anxiety, are significant contributors in the transition from acute to chronic pain. A person suffering from acute low back pain with additional symptoms of anxiety and/or depression has a higher risk of becoming a chronic pain patient than a person without these additional symptoms. Furthermore, … [Read more...]

Can low back pain be influenced by pain in the front of the body?

John Panagopoulos

As a physio who works in a busy clinic and treats lots of different people, one of the phenomena that I’ve observed over the years is how many patients, who present with back or neck pain, and also mention they have lots of gut / reproductive problems. These gut problems are generally mild symptoms like feeling bloated and constipated. Even when … [Read more...]